Wilson A N, Abhinav Kumar, Ajit Jha, and Linga Reddy Cenkeramaddi, “Multi-target Angle of Arrival Estimation using Rotating mmWave FMCW Radar and Yolov3,” has been accepted for publication in the IEEE Sensors Journal (2022).
Keywords: Estimation, Radar, Millimeter wave communication, Sensors, Receiving antennas, Chirp, Radar detection
Abstract: It is still challenging to accurately localize unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) from a ground control station (GCS) using various sensors. The mmWave frequency-modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radars offer excellent performance for target detection and localization in harsh environments and low lighting conditions. However, the estimated angle of arrival (AoA) of targets in the captured scene is quite poor. This article focuses on improving AoA estimation by combining the cutting-edge machine learning (ML) algorithms with a mechanical radar rotor setup. An mmWave FMCW radar system is mounted on a programmable rotor to capture range–angle maps of targets at various locations. The range–angle images are then labeled and trained further with the Yolov3 algorithm. Subsequent testing reveals that for detected target objects, the centroid of the bounding boxes from the detected objects provides accurate AoA estimation with very low root mean square error (RMSE). The results show that the proposed approach outperforms traditional methods in terms of performance and estimation accuracy.
More details:DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2022.3231790
Kumuda D K, Vandana G S, Bethi Pardhasaradhi, B S Raghavendra, Pathipati Srihari, and Linga Reddy Cenkeramaddi, “Multi Target Detection and Tracking by Mitigating Spot Jammer Attack in 77GHz mm-Wave Radars: An Experimental Evaluation,” has been accepted for publication in IEEE Sensors Journal 2022.
Keywords: Radar tracking, Sensors, Radar, Target tracking, Jamming, Radar detection, Millimeter wave communication
Abstract: Small form factor radar sensors at millimeter wavelengths find numerous applications in the industrial and automotive sectors. These radar sensors provide improved range resolution, good angular resolution, and enhanced Doppler resolution for short range and ultrashort ranges. However, it is challenging to detect and track the targets accurately when a radar is interfered by another radar. This article proposes an experimental evaluation of a 77-GHz IWR1642 radar sensor in the presence of a second 77-GHz AWR1642 radar sensor acting as a spot jammer. A real-time experiment is carried out by considering five different targets of various cross sections, such as a car, a larger size motorcycle, a smaller size motorcycle, a cyclist, and a pedestrian. The collected real-time data are processed by four different constant false alarm rate detectors, cell averaging (CA)-CFAR, ordered statistics (OS)-CFAR, greatest of CA (GOCA)-CFAR, and smallest of CA (SOCA)-CFAR. Following that, data from these detectors are fed into two different clustering algorithms (density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise (DBSCAN) and K-means), followed by the extended Kalman filter (EKF)-based tracker with global nearest neighbor (GNN) data association, which provide tracks of various targets with and without the presence of a jammer. Furthermore, four different metrics [tracks reported (TR), track segments (TSs), false tracks (FTs), and track loss (TL)] are used to evaluate the performance of various tracks generated for two clustering algorithms with four detection schemes. The experimental results show that the DBSCAN clustering algorithm outperforms the K-means clustering algorithm for many cases.
More details:DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2022.3227012